Your allergy specialist may determine what is causing your allergic reaction by listening to your allergy experiences and performing skin and/or blood tests.
Once your allergy specialist knows what allergens cause your symptoms, he or she will be able to help you plan the best approach for treating them. Try to avoid the allergens that are giving you trouble. But because this isn’t always easy to do, you may consider options. Generally, these fall into two categories:
During an allergic reaction, your immune system releases chemicals such as histamine that are responsible for the symptoms you experience.
Many over-the-counter and prescription medicines are designed to help to block those chemicals, helping to relieve your symptoms.
Immunotherapy is typically given as "allergy shots" and is designed to treat the underlying cause of your symptoms by giving you small amounts of the allergen over time. Immunotherapy may work with your immune system to help change how your body reacts to allergens. It may help gradually build tolerance to specific allergens.